Structure and Maintenance Tips for Lithium Camper Batteries

Ⅰ. Structure of Lithium Camper Battery

Lithium camper battery is a replacement product for metal lithium batteries that appeared in the previous years. The main components of the battery are positive and negative electrodes, electrolytes, separators, and housings. The positive electrode uses a carbon electrode that can store lithium ions. During discharge, lithium becomes lithium ions, separates from the battery anode, and reaches the lithium ion battery cathode. The negative electrode material is a lithium-intercalating compound that has a potential as close as possible to the lithium potential, such as various carbon materials, including natural graphite, synthetic graphite, carbon fibers, and mesocarbon microbeads. Metal oxides are also commonly used.

The electrolyte uses a mixture solvent system of alkyl carbonates, such as LiPF6 ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, and low viscosity diethyl carbonate. The separator uses a microporous film of polyolefins, such as PE, PP, or their composite films, especially the PP/PE/PP three-layer separator, which not only has a lower melting point but also has a higher puncture resistance and can be used for thermal insulation.

Ⅱ. Matters Needing Attention in the Storage and Maintenance of Lithium Camper Battery

1. Battery usage environment. Lithium Camper Battery manufacturers recommend the use of lithium-ion batteries within an ambient temperature of -10℃ to 45℃. Prevent the battery from coming into contact with water, beverages, corrosive liquids, as they may cause leakage, heating, smoking, fire, or explosion. Also, prevent the battery from being close to heat sources, open flames, flammable and explosive gases or liquids, as they may cause leakage, heating, smoking, fire, or explosion. If any metal foreign object enters the battery compartment, it may cause leakage, heating, smoking, fire, or explosion.

2. Battery charging environment. Lithium Camper Battery manufacturers recommend charging the battery in an ambient temperature of 0℃ to 35℃, and the charging time should not exceed 24 hours. Excessive charging will shorten the life of the Lithium camper battery. Note: the charging function will be disabled below 0℃, and the battery should be charged in an environment above 0℃. Warning: using non-original chargers may cause leakage, heating, smoking, fire, or explosion of the battery.

3. Precautions. Lithium Camper Battery manufacturers suggest that, to maximize the life of the battery, the battery power should be kept between 20% and 80% for cyclic use, as much as possible. They advise to operate the throttle handle slowly when using machine equipment and not to store the battery in an environment above 40℃, as it will cause irreversible capacity decay of the battery. Also, do not store lithium batteries in places with a risk of falling, as it may cause uncontrollable damage inside the battery and may cause leakage, heating, smoking, fire, or operation failures.